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Different Types of Wash Basins

It’s hard to imagine a bathroom without a wash basin. Wash basins not only are a must-have in any bathroom but the sheer range and choice of wash basins available these days makes them a design accessory as well. Selecting the right wash basin is a must for a functionally efficient bathroom.

Depending upon the structure, wash basins can be put in the following categories:

Wall-mounted basins: These are quite common and as the name indicates are mounted on the walls of your bathroom. This mounting can be done either through concealed fitting or the basin may be supported by metal studs or frames on which it “rests”.

Table or counter mounted wash basins: These basins are mounted on a counter. A counter could be the top of a mini-wardrobe (called vanity cabinet in some places) or it could be a stone slab/hardened glass slab fixed to the wall. Unlike the wall mounted basins, these basins are supported by the counter and hence are not attached to the wall. These basins can again be of three types, depending upon the pattern of mounting of the basin:

-          Counter top basins: These sit on the top of the counter, so the entire basin is visible.

-          Under-counter basins: These are below the counter, so you would see only the washing surface of the basin.

-          Semi-recessed basins:  Some part of the basin is above the counter surface, while the major portion is below the counter. Typically, these extend beyond the counter area and hence are designed to have space on the counter.

-          Self-rimming basins: These have only the edge of the basin visible and slightly above with the counter surface.

Counter top basins are typically more durable than the under-counter and semi-recessed basins. Also, replacing a counter top-basin is simple: just change the basin. But in case of under-counter and semi-recessed basins, the counter might have to be broken as well. Plus under-counter and semi-recessed basins are slightly more complex to install as a hole (or cavity) would have to be cut into the counter of the right size to fit the basin.

Wall Basins are typically used when space is a constraint. Table/counter mounted basins, typically take more space but add that touch of elegance and luxury to your bathrooms. You can buy either type of basins from here.

There are other options in basins as well like free standing basins (not mounted on either a counter or attached to a wall) or a corner basin, but these are less commonly used these days.

If you are opting for wall-mounted basin, then you would also have to select a mode of outlet for the basin waste water. Typical options available are through a steel-like bottle trap or a plastic-like waste pipe. In either case, you can also add a pedestal to cover the pipes, besides offering additional support to the basins.  Pedestals are very simply out, stands made of ceramic. There can be half of full pedestals, depending upon the length. Full pedestals extend from the basin bottom to the bathroom floor, while half pedestals start from basin bottom to a certain depth below it, but definitely not touching the bathroom flow.

Another option to look for in basins is tap holes. The trend these days is to have a single tap hole, and then have just one tap, which is called a mixer, fitted to the basin. This way, you would get both hot and cold water through the same tap. Older versions of basins had holes for three taps, one for supplying hot water, one for supplying cold water and the center hole for the basin tap.

 

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